Compared to many other industries, the construction industry suffers from a lower productivity. This situation is justified by the unsatisfactory reliability of short-cycle commitments and a high amount of waste on the construction site. Currently, only about 50 % of all binding agreements can be held. The lack of organization of the work process leads to long waiting times and non-value-added rework on the construction site. Increasing demands on buildings in terms of energy efficiency and resource optimization encourage the need for a change in the construction industry. A promising approach to accomplish future challenges is provided by the management philosophy of Lean Construction. The focus is on analysis and standardization of processes as well as partnership-based cooperation with all project participants. This master thesis deals with the application and further development of lean management approaches in the construction process. At the beginning, the foundations of lean management and the adaption to the construction process are described. Lean Construction core values, such as the flow of processes, the generation of the maximum possible amount of value from the customer`s point of view as well as the minimization of waste through continuous improvement, are presented by using application-oriented tools and methods. A scientific support of a practical project represents the basis of this research paper. In addition to a detailed documentation of the applied methods, such as the Last Planner System or Taktplanning, guided interviews were conducted with responsible project participants in the fields of construction works, HVAC, electrical installation, facade and steel construction, dry-wall as well as project and construction management. Evaluations of defined subject blocks have been used to derive expectations, requirements for the application of Lean Construction and optimizations for follow-up projects. The development of an efficient and transparent construction process based on the collaboration of all project participants has the potential to contribute to a successful mastering of challenges in the construction industry by increasing the productivity on the construction site.