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Title
Assessment of zeolite 13X and Lewatit® VP OC 1065 for application in a continuous temperature swing adsorption process for biogas upgrading
AuthorSonnleitner, Elisabeth ; Schöny, Gerhard ; Hofbauer, Hermann
Published in
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery : Processing of Biogenic Material for Energy and Chemistry, 2018, Vol. 8, Issue 2, page 379-395
PublishedSpringer Nature, 2018
LanguageEnglish
Document typeJournal Article
Keywords (EN)Biogas upgrading / CO2 capture / TSA / Solid sorbents
ISSN2190-6815
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-4897 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1007/s13399-017-0293-3 
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Assessment of zeolite 13X and Lewatit® VP OC 1065 for application in a continuous temperature swing adsorption process for biogas upgrading [1.85 mb]
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Abstract (English)

Two commercially available CO2-adsorbent materials (i.e., zeolite 13X (13X) and Lewatit® VP OC 1065 (Lewatit)) were evaluated for their applicability in a continuous temperature swing adsorption (TSA) process for biogas upgrading. The equilibrium adsorption characteristics of carbon dioxide and methane were determined by fixed bed and TGA tests. While relatively high CO2 capacities were measured for both materials (3.6 and 2.5 mol kg1), neither of them was found to adsorb significant amounts of CH4. Lewatit showed to be fully regenerable at 95 C, whereas for 13X, the regeneration was not complete at this temperature. However, 13X showed no degradation up to 190 C, whereas Lewatit started to degrade at 110 and 90 C when exposed to N2 and air, respectively. Fluidization tests showed that Lewatit provides a high mechanical stability, while on the contrary, the tested 13X showed considerable attrition. An equilibrium adsorption model was fitted to the measured CO2 adsorption data. The adsorption model was then integrated into an existing simulation tool for the proposed TSA process to roughly estimate the expectable regeneration energy demand for both materials. It was found that depending on the operating conditions, the regeneration energy demand lies between 0.320.54 kWhth/m3prodgas for 13X and 0.711.10 kWhth/m3prodgas for Lewatit. Since heat integration measures were not considered in the simulations, it was concluded that the proposed TSA process has a great potential to reduce the overall energy demand for biogas upgrading and that both tested adsorbent materials may be suitable for application in the proposed TSA process.

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CC-BY-License (4.0)Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License