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Title
(Pt1-xCux)3Cu2B and Pt9Cu3B5, the first examples of copper platinum borides. Observation of superconductivity in a novel boron filled -Mn-type compound
AuthorSalamakha, Leonid ; Sologub, Oksana ; Stöger, Berthold ; Michor, Herwig In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Bauer, Ernst In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Rogl, Peter In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
Published in
Journal Solid State Chemistry, 2015, Vol. 229, page 303-309
PublishedElsevier, 2015
Edition
Accepted version
LanguageEnglish
Document typeJournal Article
Keywords (EN)Copper Platinum Borides / Crystal Structure / Electrical Transport Properties
Project-/ReportnumberAustrian Science Fund (FWF): V279-N19
ISSN1095-726X
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-3212 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1016/j.jssc.2015.06.004 
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(Pt1-xCux)3Cu2B and Pt9Cu3B5, the first examples of copper platinum borides. Observation of superconductivity in a novel boron filled -Mn-type compound [4.31 mb]
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Abstract (English)

New ternary copper platinum borides have been synthesized by arc melting of pure elements followed by annealing at 600 C. The structures have been studied by X-ray single crystal and powder diffraction. (Pt1-xCux)3Cu2B (x=0.33) forms a B-filled -Mn-type structure (space group P4132; a=0.6671(1) nm). Cu atoms are distributed preferentially on the 8c atom sites, whereas the 12d site is randomly occupied by Pt and Cu atoms (0.670(4) Pt/0.330(4) Cu). Boron is located in octahedral voids of the parent -Mn-type structure. Pt9Cu3B5 (space group P-62m; a=0.9048(3) nm, c=0.2908(1) nm) adopts the Pt9Zn3B5--type structure. It has a columnar architecture along the short translation vector exhibiting three kinds of [Pt6] trigonal prism columns (boron filled, boron semi-filled and empty) and Pt channels with a pentagonal cross section filled with Cu atoms. The striking structural feature is a [Pt6] cluster in form of an empty trigonal prism at the origin of the unit cell, which is surrounded by coupled [BPt6] and [Pt6] trigonal prisms, rotated perpendicularly to the central one. There is no B-B contact as well as Cu-B contact in the structure. The relationships of Pt9Cu3B5 structure with the structure of Ti1+xOs2xRuB2 as well as with the structure families of metal sulfides and aluminides have been elucidated.

(Pt1-xCux)3Cu2B (x=0.3) (B-filled -Mn-type structure) is a bulk superconductor with a transition temperature of about 2.06 K and an upper critical field 0HC2(0)WHH of 1.2 T, whereas no superconducting transition has been observed up to 0.3 K in Pt9Cu3B5 (Pt9Zn3B5--type structure) from electrical resistivity measurements.

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