The development of cities is characterised by permanent processes of change, which manifest themselves on both, a spatial and a social level. Urban development and renewal projects are seen as important drivers. Urban planning measures not only have an impact on the respective target areas of planning, but also on the neighborhood environment. In this work, possible effects in this context are examined on the basis of a socio-spatial perspective. The spatial research focus lies on „Kreta“, a former „Gründerzeit“-quarter in the eastern part of Favoriten in Vienna. The area has been characterized by a standstill in development for many years. Today, this neighborhood is increasingly becoming the focus of planning due to various revaluation processes in the form of urban development and renewal projects. Primarly new construction, temporary use and conversion projects that have a socio-spatial impact and ,consequently, influence the development of „Kreta“. It is assumed that the social composition of the neighborhood will change as a result of increasing upgrading tendencies. The attractiveness of the 10th district of Vienna as a place of residence is increasing. Favoriten no longer presents itself as an immigrant district for people from socially disadvantaged classes, but - not least because of the pressure of growth in urban development - is becoming more and more attractive. In this context, challenges such as segregation and gentrification will become more relevant. However, the results of the present study also show, that it currently is the predominantly social development processes, that lead to socio-spatial polarisation in the „Kreta“. Issues such as migration and integration and related social conflicts determine the everyday lifes of many residents in the district and lead to a degrease of attractiveness in the residents perception. The development processes in the environment of the „Kreta“ have the potential to have a positive effect regarding the current social-spatial polarization tendencies. Nevertheless, these days accompanying measures are needed to promote social inclusion and to minimize social conflicts.