Ultra-high-performance concrete is a new type of concrete that is being developed by agencies concerned with infrastructure protection. UHPC is characterized by being cement composite material with compressive strengths in excess of 150 MPa, up to and possibly exceeding 250 MPa. UHPC is also characterized by its constituent material make-up: typically fine-grained sand, silica fume, small steel fibers, and special blends of high-strength Portland cement. Note that there is no large aggregate. The current types in production (Ductal, Taktl, etc.) differ from normal concrete in compression by their strain hardening, followed by sudden brittle failure. Ongoing research into UHPC failure via tensile and shear failure is being conducted by multiple government agencies and universities around the world. In addition to a careful selection of heat post-treatments and special composition, the cement site also has a major influence on the properties of UHFB. Only a few studies have been carried out on the cement itself, its influence on the properties of UHFB in combination with different heat aftertreatment methods, as well as the use of different cement types, from which the motivation for this work can be derived. Extensive series of experiments have therefore varied the essential parameters of the concrete, as well as the type of cement, and examined the effects on the fresh and hardened concrete properties. The influence of the cement on the properties of UHPC in combination with different heat aftertreatment methods could be characterized by investigations of the mechanical properties of the concrete. In addition to the bending and compressive strength, the fresh concrete parameters, as well as the raw density, air content in the concrete and hopper discharge time and slump of the concrete were investigated.