Natural resources, like wood, receives more again more attention also in southern europe. But it is not easy to weaken stucked experiences and opinions with actual research results and to strengthen new builidng materials with wood additives, like wood concrete or wood cement. In the past there was quite advanced knowledge in wood processing, this to Combine with new informations, shall lead to new solutions in the use of building materials. The work starts with basic informations, political and cultural history of Kosovo. Here the influences of different culturers, mainly on the buildings and infrastructure in Kosovo. In temporal sequences the illyrian, the greek, roman, slavonic and finally ottoman influences are shortly depicted in the period from 2000 before Christ until the 19. Century. The main focus is on the short historical background of the cultures and how they became settled. The used bulding materials and the different construction systems are also brief summarized. The evolution of the urbanism is completing the overview. As two opposite examples the turbourbanism in the capital city Prishtina, , where the fenomen of urbanization is since almost twenty years an ongoing phenomen (Vöckler, 2008), and the urbanism in the old town Gjakova, where the ottoman influence and the still strong selfdetermination of family units forms till today the appearence of this small town, are specified with visually examples. A special view will be given to the building Evolution in Kosovo without architects, which lead to great challenges for the urbanism and environment politics, The reasons for an building activity without structure are mainly the increased demand for housing space and low financial budgets. The different settlement areas (urban, rural and mountain) with some examples of typically buildings in those areas and the used buildingmaterials, are presented. This building material „Tarolit“ is described, the production is presented and some still existing buildings made with „Tarolit“ or recycled „Tarolit“plates are shown at the end of this chapter. Poplar strands have been used for Tarolit, a wood cement product, which has been produced in Kosovo In chapter three wood light concrete is described and presented from the scientific view. In the doctoral theses from Schmitz in the year 1968 the wood cement as a building material is analized and different testmethods are shown. Schmitz (1968) showed, that the use of poplar chips increases the bending tension strength. Those kind of poplar chips have been then used in the wood cement plates, which have been produced in the sixties and till the eighties in Kosovo, the so called „Tarolit“ plates. The forestry in Kosovo and a short overview of the forestry industry there follow up in chapter four. It shows, that there are huge wood ressources in Kosovo, but the ecological and economic factors in this context are still developing. There is also a short special excurs on the poplar wood, including its significance as an addition in cement bonded particle boards. The work continues its red thread with a presentation of Kosovos economy in the context of the population- specific and geographical aspects. The rich Mineral deposits in Kosovo are shown and on the other side the demographic structure of the population. Further the possibilities to revitalize the production of cement bonded wood boards are described and calculated. It starts with an short introduction about the actual social and economic situation regarding to invest in a production facility. The laws in Kosovo, which have been adapted from the government to increase international finance investments are shown here. After the theoretical rear the idea of short rotation forestry is analized in general and specific in this plan of reopening a plant for cement bonded wood boards with poplar chips from a short rotation nearby the factory. This chapter is finished with a costs projection. In chapter five the development and testing of wood-concrete-compound ceiling elements with wood is described. The ceiling elements are made with Trapezoid beams and under the thin concrete there is a wood-cement-plate integrated . Seven ceiling elements have been build on the pattern of the developed elements. Always a pair of the elements was connected with different woodscrews or/and an additional wood-cement plate. The elements have been tested on the short bending load until the rupture. The bending, the load and the deferral from the concrete to the wood beams are shown in specific charts and graphs. The bending stiffness of each ceiling element was also compared in graphs with the theoretical values of the bending stiffness if the construction is not connectet (Zero- Compound) and if the construction is completely connected (Stiff-Compound). An application example for the developed and tested ceiling elements is presented. It is a kindergarden with one storey. The detailed way of connections are plotted and shown from different angles. The work closes with an conclusion and preview for this kind of manual, for a new way of approach to open the horizonts in investing and developing an applicable version of building industry in an area full of ressources. The results should give impulse for further research in this field, as mainly the form of the beams is innovative and it seems it has an impact on the workload and bending stiffnes of the ceiling elements.