My master thesis is about the ancient city Sur in Diyarbakir, a province of Eastern Turkey. The history of the city dates back to 7000 years. My primary intention was to research the traditional houses in Diyarbakir and revive their former structure, since this style of building has become endangered. This idea thrived as a result of the traditional houses being destroyed and replaced by modern apartments. Due to the increment in the population of the city, the need for housing increased, leading to a disregard of the ancient houses. The aim of this thesis was to redesign the structure of the traditional, endangered housing in a traditional way and adapt them to the climatic, contextual situations. The city of Sur was once famous for its colorful popularity, which includes a Kurdish majority, Turks, Yezids and Armenians. However the situation drastically changed starting from December 11th 2015 to 27th August 2016 . Between these dates there was a strong oppression and due to the massive devastation of the ancient buildings, I wanted to change and expand the project area to draw attention and regain the interest of the people who had to flee. In February 2017, I discouvered a picture of the project area that showed half of the city completely missing. So I expanded my project to an urban concept based on the leftovers, between a mosque and a school with a former chapel. This location was the main subject for my theses. My intention was to create a multifunctional environment, which includes a culture centre. The urban approach, which includes many green areas coming from the east to the center of the city, is invented for the pedestrians, while an underground road for vehicles is placed right under the project area.