This research investigated the direct use of social infrastructure by refugees, with a particular focus on the infrastructure provided by voluntary initiatives. The analysis was motivated by the great movement of refugees and the increasing number of asylum applications in Austria in the years 2015 and 2016. The theoretical basis of this thesis outlines general information and theory on migration and flight, as well as the legal status of a refugee and what is offered as part of basic care. In addition, the existing statistical data on movements of refugees are presented. The definition and the availability of social infrastructure at a municipal level are discussed and the scope of the research is defined. For the empirical part of this work, a total of 46 voluntary initiatives were contacted and were in-vited to participate in the data collection. ^Eight voluntary initiatives took part in the analysis and through guide-based expert interviews their activities at a municipal level in Lower Austria were assessed. Based on the available data and a reasonable evaluation of the same, it was decided to limit the period of analysis to autumn 2015 - autumn 2016 and the research area was limited to Lower Austria. In the interviews, the premises in which the volunteer's activities were offered were also analysed. It appeared that sufficient space was available for volunteer activities with museums, schools, and parish halls were used in some cases. This demonstrates that spatial resources were found and additional uses were obtained. After the evaluation of the interviews, a monetarization of the regular activities of the initiatives was carried out using two different hourly rates. ^These monetary values should be interpreted with consideration for a few conditions and represent an approximation of a possible orientation value of the directly used activities. By considering the existing research, the findings from the interviews and own considerations, an initial evaluation is made of how far the public authorities, NGOs and volunteers share the tasks of satisfying the needs of the refugees. The paper finishes with a discussion of the role of spatial planning, with the conclusion that the main activities and support of spatial planners can take place at the local and regional level.