Modern lifestyle is refl ected in the way we build our houses, and how we use them. Raw materials, goods and groceries are available anytime and anywhere; and building materials are produced in an industrialized economy which is driven by fossil fuels. All this resulted in a vivid construction sector in Austria, which operates mostly independent from the preconditions of the place of construction itself. Nowadays seems no longer necessary to combine the functions of living and working as the elementary factors for people living in urban or rural areas. These developments had huge impacts on our living space, remodeling it and constantly putting it to a test. Climate change and its negative impacts make us realize that resources are not available indefi - nitely, and that certain changes to our living environment result in problems on an ecological, economic, social and cultural level. Rural architecture was shaped through location, purpose and availability, and was therefore sustainable per se, up until the usage of fossil fuels revolutionized our way of living. The present paper is an examination of the above-mentioned topics, and a research for a lifestyle that adapts to the location of a building and its users, by combining the basic elements of living and working in an effi cient and sustainable way. The "Bauernsacherl" - which used to be a very common, small-scale type of agricultural housing in Upper Austria - will be used in its fragments as a model, but also, in a fi gurative sense, as a lens through which to refl ect on the rural area itself and the traditional regional types of buildings.