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Solar mini-grid, energy solution to remote islands in Nigeria : Powering the ancestral home of the Itsekiri people / von Alex Kofi Eruwa
AuthorEruwa, Alex Kofi
CensorHaas, Reinhard
PublishedWien, 2016
Descriptionxi, 99 Blätter : Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
Institutional NoteTechnische Universität Wien, Master Thesis, 2016
Document typeMaster Thesis
Keywords (DE)Solar / Mini-grid / Generator / Itsekiri / Nigeria
Keywords (EN)Solar / Mini-grid / Generator / Itsekiri / Nigeria
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:1-92966 Persistent Identifier (URN)
 The work is publicly available
Solar mini-grid, energy solution to remote islands in Nigeria [3.73 mb]
Abstract (English)

The electricity situation in Nigeria is examined with focus on the plight of Ode Itsekiri, the ancestral homeland of the Itsekiris. At the moment Ode Itsekiri is marginally powered by an over-sized 300 kW diesel plant, in contrast to a relatively little load demand by the community. This generator is operational only when sufficient diesel is acquired. The community mandatorily subjects anyone wishing to bury a relative in the community to provide 50 litres of diesel per corpse. This is due to the fact that the community cannot afford the cost of running the large diesel generator, which requires about 200 litres of fuel for a round of operation of five hours per day for about three days. In attempting to solve the above electrification problem, a solution proffering the integration of solar energy which is abundant in the area is investigated. This thesis therefore, explores three scenarios of power generation using the HOMER software for simulations of the least cost energy solution for the community. In the ranking of these three scenarios, installing a 100 kW solar plant with a 20 KW diesel generator backup provides the best economic cost of electricity at approximately US$ 0.64/kWh, an environmental friendly option, longer hours of electrical load for some productive uses and a meaningful life. Next is a 200 kW autonomous solar plant with cost of energy at US$ 0.76/kWh and no carbon dioxide emission. Finally, operating the existing 300 kW plant remains the least solution to the electrification of Ode Itsekiri, as this presently runs at US$ 4.80/kWh and at US$ 21.64/kWh for the extended electrical loads examined, and least environmentally friendly with high carbon dioxide emission.