The focus of this theses is living situations for the elderly with emphasis on long-term care homes. In a first part of the literature the following topics will all be explored in detail: demographic and social developments, aspects of nursing science, a historical perspective of nursing care in Vienna as well as alternative living concepts and already tested ones. The framework of the design part of this project has been applied and derived as a result of thorough research of the primary topics mentioned above. Subject of the draft project is the conceptual design and planning of a multifunctional Quarters-building on Hamerlingplatz in the eighth district of Vienna, as well as a proposal for a redesign of the existing parks directly adjacent to the facilities. Basis for this is the community-oriented use of a day care for the elderly, a kindergarten, a base for a mobile nursing service, a restaurant business as well as a meeting venue. Set on the two floors above is a a small 'close to home', residential stationary care facility as an alternative to traditional nursing homes that is in accordance with the household community concept developed by the Board of Trustees for German Aid of the Elderly (KDA). The characteristic of this design is to take away the need for the following key functional areas: a large kitchen, dining room, laundry facilities, therapeutic and administrative wing. On the third floor a roof garden is located that is accessible to all inhabitants. Floors four through six will house residential apartements with assisted living, varied accomodations of different size for singles, couples and families. Senior living communities will be in the attic to complete the design on offer.