Mongolian culture is rooted in nomadism, which means that no indigenous traditions for residential housing design emerged. The only characteristic housing type of Mongolian culture is a nomad tent, the so called Ger. The Ger has been refined over thousands of years and its effectiveness to house errant people and cater for nomad needs, is hard to outmatch. The fall of the Soviet Union in 1990 and the transition from planned to a free-market economy brought drastic change for the Mongolian population and its nomad ways. The increasing loss of grazing livestock, the harsh living conditions in the steppe, as well as the allure of western culture encourage an ever growing-number of Mongolians to adopt a sedentary life style, resulting in a striking agglomeration of people in cities, particularly in and around the capital Ulaanbaatar. The outskirts of cities see formations of so called Ger-Districts, slum-like neighbourhoods in which nomads try to settle with their traditional tents. These Ger-Districts are not connected with the urban infrastructure. Provisioning problems, unemployment, poverty, and social problems are a result of the fast change from living in the wide, lonely steppe to settling in a densely populated urban area. Designed to be light and enable fast setup and breakdown, the Ger loses its benefits in a sedentary scenario and the poor heat storage qualities, have disastrous consequences for the resident population. The nomads used to heat their ovens with dried dung. The Mongols who have settled down don't have this resource anymore. Instead they use coal or any other combustible material. As a result the air pollution is becoming a live threatening problem. The rise of the mining industry led to sudden economic growth, which in turn resulted in a construction boom. Skyscrapers and housing complexes rapidly emerged, but its expensive apartments are out of range for poorer population groups. The Ger loses its relevancy in the current construction culture, leaving it to become more of a decorative element without function, as oppose to a housing solution. Mongolian cultural identity vanishes in the anonymous, homogenized construction style of a modern city. The thesis consists of a practical and a theoretical part, practical applying documentary filmmaking as method and theoretical using a paper as output of the work. The paper will examine the historical and traditional identity of Mongolian architecture, provide a brief insight into current architectural developments in Mongolia, and outline the practical aspects of the implementation of the GERald project, which was designed to provide affordable living for the poorest population groups and gives a new approach when it comes to the question of how to deal with the topic architecture identity in Mongolia.