Due to the ongoing scarcity of finite resources such as sand and gravel, which are currently an integral part in the building industry, the search for alternative materials is essential. A well-reasoned choice of ecologically sustainable building materials is the easiest way for architects and planners to introduce resource-saving design strategies in a building. This thesis shows how resource-efficient design can succeed particularly well by using wood-based concrete structures as an example. Therefore a practice-orientated and application-driven assessment for the whole lifecycle of a building material is necessary. Through the comparison of wood-based concrete constructions with conventional reinforced concrete and common timber frame construction, with calculations using information from various databases, statements concerning ecological, but also structural- physical and architectural aspects can be made. Consequently, optimisation approaches and application suggestions as well as detailed explanations are discussed. With wood-based concrete, which is a very long-living material, lasting buildings can be designed. Furthermore, the environmental impact through the entire lifecycle of a building can be kept low and additionally the aesthetic requirements for good architecture can be achieved. Even installations and dismounting can be done easily. Overall the results show that it is a building material with great potential for further environmental and structural optimisation, which can work well with a less intense use of finite resources.