The Afar are nomadic people living in the north-eastern part of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. In accordance with their pastoralist lifestyle, they have developed simple forms of flexible shelters, which are grouped in compounds and form small mobile settlements. Due to changing political, economic and environmental circumstances more and more Afar are becoming permanently settled. The main focus of this work is the urbanization process in the Afar Region, which has steadily increased in the last few years. For the research I chose to investigate the city of Logya, one of the biggest cities in the Afar Region. This city is located almost in the middle of the Afar Region, along the Addis Ababa Djibouti Highway which is the main transportation route of Ethiopia. This relatively new city consists of permanent houses which are arranged along paths or small open spaces. Accompanying the development of the city are new building types with different functions like schools, community buildings or administrative buildings. Logya developed without any city planning but because of the rapid growth, especially during the last ten years, the Regional Urban Planning Institute worked on a Master Plan which should be implemented during the next years. This plan leads to massive changes and does not consider the current structures. The city of Logya is linked with the city of Semera, the new capital of the Afar Region, which was founded in 2003/04. There are only five kilometers between the two cities and because of the lack of infrastructure and strict building restrictions many people who work in Semera live in Logya. Most of the residents, Afar, Amhara or other ethnic groups, moved to Logya because of work. There are only a few mobile houses functioning as permanent shelters found in Logya. Most of the houses are built in the chikka technique, the building technique from the Highlanders. The houses are made of wood and clay and are covered with corrugated iron roofs. This style has begun to dominate the landscape of the towns. For the chikka technique to be utilized, a large quantity of wood is needed which leads to deforestation of the tree population. This in turn has a negative impact on the environment and also on the lives of the pastoralist. Establishing a 'new' building technique (clay bricks) can be one approach to help solve the problems which come along with urbanization.