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Title
Polarization-sensitive adaptive optics enhanced optical coherence tomography with dynamic focus / von Matthias Rechenmacher
AuthorRechenmacher, Matthias
CensorGröschl, Martin
Published2014
Description55 Bl. : Ill., graph. Darst.
Institutional NoteWien, Techn. Univ., Dipl.-Arb., 2014
Annotation
Zsfassung in dt. Sprache
LanguageEnglish
Document typeThesis (Diplom)
Keywords (DE)Optische Kohärenztomographie / polarisationssensitive OCT / Raster Scan Laser Ophthalmoskop mit adaptiver Optik / Dynamischer Fokus / TD-OCT
Keywords (EN)Optical coherence tomography / Polarization sensitive OCT / Scanning Laser ophthalmoscope with adaptive optics / Dynamic Focus / Time domain OCT
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:1-74626 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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 The work is publicly available
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Polarization-sensitive adaptive optics enhanced optical coherence tomography with dynamic focus [17.3 mb]
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Abstract (English)

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an in vivo imaging technique which is able to perform tomographic or crosssectional images of biological tissues. It's main field of application lies in ophthalmology for acquiring 3D volumes of the retina. Thereby unique information about macular diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, or age related macular degeneration can be obtained. However, image contrast may be rather poor in conventional OCT imaging which can be overcome using polarization sensitive OCT (PS-OCT). Another limitation of state of the art is the limited transverse resolution of OCT instruments. The resolution can be improved using adaptive optics. In this thesis an existing adaptive optics-scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AO-SLO) in combination with a time domain OCT (TD-OCT) was upgraded by an additional polarization sensitive channel in order to provide PS-OCT images with cellular resolution. PS-OCT improves the image contrast. Thereby additional information of the retina can be gathered, because several retinal structures (e.g. retinal pigment epithelium) change the polarization state of the light which can be detected using PS-OCT. Furthermore a dynamic focus scheme for achieving isotropic resolution through the whole volume OCT scan was calibrated. To improve the signal-to-noise ratio, the system was partially further developed. The new instrument was tested on technical samples as well as for in vivo retinal imaging. Representative images recorded in healthy volunteers are presented.

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