This diploma thesis analyses school buildings in the Austrian part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (Niederösterreich, Oberösterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark, Kärnten, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Triest, Istrien, Tirol, Vorarlberg, Böhmen, Mähren, Schlesien, Galizien, Bukowina, Dalmatien). The first chapter describes the history of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and the development of school laws. Afterwards, attention is paid to the provisions for construction of school buildings, their financing, and realization. The next part deals with exemplary plans of school buildings which were designed by the crownlands of the Monarchy, the world exhibition in Vienna in 1873, and the school buildings that were presented there. The following chapter presents completed school buildings and describes their position on the building area, their architecture, the required rooms and additional and sanitary facilities. In this context the publications of Karl Hinträger (-Die Volksschulhäuser in den einzelnen Kronländern-, 1901) and Gustav Behnke (in Josef Durms -Handbuch der Architektur - Gebäude für Erziehung, Wissenschaft und Kunst-, 1889) play a major role. The final part names the main architects of the school buildings (i.a. Moritz and Karl Hinträger, Brothers Drexler) and how they got the contract (direct awarding, competition).