To specifically determine the attrition and as a result the lifespan of different crane wheels, a corresponding wheel-rail testing bench is required. This thesis addresses the construction of such a test facility allowing for the examination of attrition, rolling resistance, wheel spin and contact pressure. This thesis is divided into four main sections: Section one outlines the purpose and structure of the thesis. Furthermore, different concepts for testing benches are also presented, two of which have been practically implemented. Section two concentrates on the clarification of the task and on analyzing resulting claims through the use of the drum testing bench. The result is the so-called list of requirements. In section three we look at the conceptual design. First, the functional structure of the testing bench is created. This is a block diagram showing the partial functions which are necessary for the performance of the overall function. For these partial functions, suitable operating principles have to be found. The determined operating principles are combined into possible operating structures. These structures are then rated according to technical and economic criteria. Only the best performing variant, also known as the "basic solution", is pursued. Section four is embodiment design and the most extensive part of the process. However, the way to solve the problem is not described. The work just presents the building structure found. Furthermore, it explains why the individual components look just so. The wheel-rail testing bench is divided into five modules: power train, lateral force application, normal force application, framework construction and necessary accessories. For each module a detailed description is available including all relevant calculations.