Basic human needs such as living, working, education, supplies and recreation are usually located within different areas, making it necessary for people to move from one location to another. Therefore, mobility is necessary to cover certain basic needs. It is very difficult for blind and partially sighted people to orientate themselves in public areas.
This thesis deals with limitations on the mobility behaviour, explaining the resulting necessity of barrier free designing and building of public areas. It describes the requirements of planning for blind and partially sighted people, available means and aid to orientation and the accordant arrangement of design elements and barriers. In the course of an empiric analysis requirements for the mobility of blind and partially blind people will be described. The usage of utilities, the evaluation of aid of orientation and the use of public transport will be questioned. Furthermore problems, ideas for improvement and design requirements will also be described.