In Slovakia the development of energy infrastructure has got more and more important in the last years. Especially private investors have a focus on renewable energy projects with all kind of technologies. This master thesis deals with the potentials for new projects of small hydro power in Slovakia. The definition of small hydro power belongs to a maximum capacity of less than 10 MW. Indeed the average power of such plants is less than 500 kW. There are currently 200 hydro power plants in operation in Slovakia and the author asks if there is enough space for new SHPs, especially in artificial channels where new investments would be smaller than in natural rivers. By the way in these channels could be a much faster development process because of shorter EIA procedure. The results are some potential places for new small hydro plants. Furthermore the master thesis gives answers to all important market parameters, like legislation, feed-in tariffs and national energy parameters. The master thesis interprets the national legislative of renewable energy and the national support for SHP.