The Austrian capital market continues to differ in many aspects from structures common in other developed economies. For example, both quoted equity and non-bank private equity are heavily under-represented in the capital structure of Austrian enterprises. Hence the Austrian business sector is more reliant on other sources of capital that may be less suited to investments with long payback profiles, but where there are potentially strong long-term returns to the company and the economy. Moreover, the industry knowledge built up by specialist institutional, private equity and venture capital investors may be a crucial element in the availability of suitable financial packages to support growth. The thesis conclude with examines of the minor role that private equity currently plays in the Austrian capital and ends with some more general considerations and the identification of issues for future research and discussion.