Condition monitoring and the documentation of environmental parameters such as temperature or humidity across the entire supply chain is today in most cases not only done to be compliant to legal regulations or trade codices but regularly used as an important source for quality management measures. The fact that the majority of manufacturing companies does not operate its own fleet anymore and has outsourced logistics and transport to external carriers - with usually no information interfaces available for the exchange of the measurement data between consignors, carriers and recipients - considerably complicates these efforts. In consequence, it is not uncommon that, without the knowledge of each of their operators, several different systems get used in parallel, for example if the carrier records the cargo compartments temperatures and the consignor uses data loggers to measure the temperatures as close as possible on the product. The technologies used today range from expensive satellite-based online monitoring systems, vehicle built-in temperature recording devices of the cooling equipment manufacturer, for evaluation purposes time- consuming being dataloggers, to simple penetration-thermometers or indicator labels. Increasingly often, new systems based on RFID technology can be found listed on websites of leading logistics service providers which promise to alleviate the existing overhead in environmental monitoring and bring key advantages considering quality improvement and cost effectiveness. With predicted annual growth rates between 19% and 25%, the sales forecasts for RFID technology also clearly show the high expectations placed into this technology. After giving a brief insight into the history of cold chain monitoring and a basic introduction to RFID technology, already available RFID sensor- systems are evaluated concerning their applicability for condition and environmental monitoring. The requirements for such systems in the various industries are analysed, and the currently existing hurdles for broad application are investigated, with the surprising result, that in addition to the technical difficulties and the issue of costs, quite different factors are of considerable importance. Concerning the currently unresolved technical issues and limitations of applicability of the different RFID technologies, possible solutions and scientific approaches are presented. Furthermore, in the course of this thesis two existing RFID cold chain monitoring systems have been chosen and, in cooperation with a cold chain logistics service provider tested in the harsh everyday use of food transportation. Based on the evaluation results and conclusions of these tests, supplemented by the requirements and desires of the test partner, a sample implementation of a possible temperature-monitoring system for this field of application was designed and partially implemented resulting in a prototype with limited functionality. In the end, further applications of RFID sensor technology for condition monitoring of other condition- and environmental parameters are presented and finally a brief outlook on future developments on this topic is given.