This thesis explores the anthropogenic resource use of an average Viennese citizen on the base of air, water, construction materials, iron, copper and zinc. With the method "Material Flow Analysis" (MFA), which is the base for the Material accounting, the most important flows and processes, which determine the use of the mentioned resources, are explored in detail. The results are summarized in the system "Vienna" were the most important flows and stocks for the city of Vienna are highlighted. The relatively small amounts of dissipative losses are described and discussed separately. The thesis comes to the conclusion that during one year each Viennese citizen uses nearly 140 tons of the six explored materials. Water together with air contributes to more than 90% of this amount. Among the flows of the other resources, the flows of construction materials are with distance the biggest ones. These and all the other main findings are illustrated in the conclusive table. The assessment of the energy use per Viennese citizen is not part of this thesis.