The purpose of the master thesis was to investigate the business role of procurement function for Austrian Automotive Industry determining the critical success factors to master procurement in the future. The purpose is based on the hypothesis that the recent development in the global automotive industry is affecting the Austrian Automotive Industry as well initiating new challenges and demands on the procurement department given the high export rate (83%) of manufactured goods. The thesis inspected a quantitative study from the Fraunhofer Austria Research GmbH, conducted in 2010 on behalf of the Forum Einkauf, investigating the procurement situation in Austrian industry and the effectiveness and efficiency of procurement department. The study was based on an online questionnaire, with more than 100 participants, exploring i: material cost movements, ii: procurement, structures, iii: application of procurement methods, iv: supplier relationship management and iv: automation and EDP integration. The thesis examined further the automotive clustered companies participating in the study in regards to their procurement situation. The result of the study discovered that success in the procurement is not a coincidence. Best practice participants revealed that it is independent of industry to master procurement, but rather depending on the constitution of the procurementdepartment, the methods implemented and the procedures leveraged. Automotive cluster companies' specific results indicated a strong foundation set-up to master procurement successful in the future but discovered as well clear improvement needs and areas in relation to best practice.