The scope of this master thesis is to determinate the power curves of wind turbines using the unconventional technology called light detection and ranging (LIDAR). LIDAR is a Remote Sensing Technology, which offers many advantages when measuring wind speed. Appliances can be easily installed in a given area, no building license is needed and the resolution of the measurement is higher than the one gained with conventional anemometer masts. Given these advantages, the Austrian Electricty Company VERBUND conducted a project in which a LIDAR sytem was used for the determination of a power curve.
This thesis contains a basic description of wind utilization, a detailed physical description of LIDAR systems (theoretical principles) and the documentation and evaluation of a series of measurements. Further aspects of volume measurements are considered allowing a comparsion with conventional anemometer technology and providing a prospective outlook of LIDAR systems. Lastly, the crucial findings of the work a gathered in the conclusions of this thesis.