The hypothesis is to find out possibilities in bringing back timber to Turkish construction market. The country has potential for both, industrial and the demand base. In Turkish building construction methods, structural application of timber has been disregareded since a long time. However, the timber industry started to develop in the last decades and has a pontential to compete with European standards. This positive progress of timber should continue through more researches and the prefabrication, so contemporary timber structural solutions can be regareded in Turkey again. The aim to lead the attention again to the timber industry and teh timber market in order to use the possibilities of 21st centruiescontemporary construction systems with the potential available in Turkey. This work is trying to push this aim through pointing out the hidden potential of Turkish timber construction. First of all, methods and constructions are presented. Based on this, the work coninues with a comparison of the industrial capacity and other construction industries as cement and steel industry. To conclude this for the most important affect of demand, const analyses are done based on a case study project in Istanbul. These analyses show the economical relations between a concrete building and a timber building. Further more two cases state the effects on costs if the production would be done in Turkey instead of importing timber.