Implementation of the EC landfill directive in Croatia (with emphasis on municipal solid waste) : progress, problems and achievements / von Ira Stanic
VerfasserStanic, Ira
Begutachter / BegutachterinFellner, Johann
Umfang86 Bl. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
HochschulschriftWien, Techn. Univ., Master Thesis, 2009
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:1-33331 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Implementation of the EC landfill directive in Croatia (with emphasis on municipal solid waste) [1.43 mb]
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Croatia is a country in which waste material is predominantly landfilled. Almost all municipal solid waste ends up in landfills or dumping sites, while very little is recycled or recovered. In the past, the disposal of waste (landfilling) was not organized optimally and open dumping of waste was a common practice. With the goal of environmental and human protection in mind, one of the country's stated top priorities in the environmental domain is the reduction of waste input into the environment. Currently, Croatia is in the process of joining the EU, during which it has to adapt its legal regulations to those of the Union. Within the scope of the implementation of Chapter 27: Environment, the country has to align its legislation regarding landfilling with the Council Directive 99/31/EC on the Landfill of Waste. Aware of the urgency of the problem, Croatia has done a lot to improve its landfilling situation in the last ten years. The start of the implementation of the Landfill Directive was a welcome new step in the process of achieving further environmental improvements. The country has transposed the said Directive into its own legislation in an exemplary way. However, the practical progress of carrying out provisions implemented on paper is lagging behind. Due to difficulties with the remediation of the existing waste management system and the set up of a completely new future one, it is uncertain whether the deadlines prescribed by law will be observed. This interdisciplinary thesis shows that very high investment costs for the establishment of the new system and the remediation of old legal and illegal landfills and dumps, in connection with delays due to problems connected with politics and public rejection of new landfill locations are the most important reasons for the practical steps lagging behind the legal ones