This thesis work deals with Monte Carlo (MC) simulations with the focus on quantum mechanical systems. I start with an introduction about Monte-Carlo methods in general and their application to the classical Ising model. The second, most important part deals with the problem in quantum mechanics, and presents a possible simulation method, the Stochastic Series Expansion (SSE). I give an introduction about the idea behind that method and give some results obtained for simulations for finite spin chains. All programming was performed in FORTRAN.