This Master's Thesis contains comprehensive literary investigations about the general subject area of insulations. The attention is mainly directed to alternative, novel and especially innovative systems, which actually lead over to the main part of this thesis. In addition to calcium silicate and transparent insulations, vacuum insulations and its previous experiences at construction sites have been at the focus of attention.
Main goal of this investigation is the development of a brick that includes a vacuum insulation panel in a way that it is protected from mechanic damages. Former results found by other research institutes or brick producing companies have not been very successful because of the low insulation ability or missing integration into the brick. Panels have been put in between of two brick layers as a sandwich element without any protection, but that is inconsistent with one of the most important basic rules, used at constructions including vacuum insulations: Whenever possible, pre-fabricated elements should be used to avoid mechanic damages to the panels.
So this thesis is an analysis of possibility and practical application of a brick that considers this demand. Special importance is attached to hygrothermal function, practical use und design of construction details.