Some 100 years ago Landscape Architecture was an unregulated occupation of a small group of interested experts. Today it has developed into both an internationally recognised profession as well as an increasingly active academic discipline. International cooperation shaped the academic development of landscape architecture significantly and is crucial for its further development. Three themes can be identified as being important in this development: Cooperation in Europe: European programmes and professional associations amongst others influenced landscape architecture academic cooperation. Through interviews with the founders and literature research the foundation of national and international associations are described. The foundation of the European Union and the implementation of programmes related to higher education influenced cooperation in landscape architecture education significantly. Profession and Higher Education: Professional development shaped academic development and vice versa, both ensuring high quality and the outstanding body of knowledge. The process of establishing academic programmes: Investigations on the actual driving factors and actors within the implementation of education facilities from the very first course to the about 100 education options today were done through a Europe wide survey as well as literature research. In the case studies the first 5 'pioneering' courses and professorships are described in detail. Further significant foundations from all over Europe up to today are outlined.