Dissipative few-body quantum systems / Clemens Jochum
Weitere Titel
Dissipative Mehr-Teilchen-Quantensysteme
VerfasserJochum, Clemens
Begutachter / BegutachterinRabl, Peter
ErschienenWien, 2016
UmfangX, 83 Seiten : Illustrationen, Diagramme
HochschulschriftTechnische Universität Wien, Diplomarbeit, 2016
Abweichender Titel nach Übersetzung der Verfasserin/des Verfassers
Zusammenfassung in deutscher Sprache
Schlagwörter (DE)Quantenoptik / dissipative Quantensysteme
Schlagwörter (EN)quantum optics / open quantum systems
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:1-7632 Persistent Identifier (URN)
 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
Dissipative few-body quantum systems [15.12 mb]
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Within the scope of this thesis, we show that a driven-dissipative system with few ultracold atoms can exhibit dissipatively bound states, even if the atom-atom interaction is purely repulsive. This bond arises due to the dipole-dipole interaction, which is restricted to one of the lower electronic energy states, resulting in the distance-dependent coherent population trapping. The quality of this already established method of dissipative binding is improved and the application is extended to higher dimensions and a larger number of atoms. Here, we simulate two- and three-atom systems using an adapted approach to the Monte Carlo wave-function method and analyse the results. Finally, we examine the possibility of finding a setting allowing trimer states but prohibiting dimer states. In the context of open quantum systems, such a three-body bound states corresponds to the driven-dissipative analogue of a Borromean state. These states can be detected in modern experiments with dipolar and Rydberg-dressed ultracold atomic gases.