Challenges for business leaders have significantly grown beyond the daily business of profit maximization and leadership issues. In fact, business leaders today are surprised to find themselves at the centre of public attention and critical observation. The first question discussed in this dissertation will be whether the neoliberal approach of today's society is responsible for this phenomenon or if business leaders themselves have drawn such unsought attention. It will be shown that many business leaders have difficulties concerning their selfawareness and their potential for meta-reflexivity. Due to a self-centred focus, business leaders are missing the idea of the 'Third'. This in turn not only negatively impacts their employees but ultimately themselves, because it hinders personal development. It can be shown that meta-reflexivity is of vital importance in good leadership. A new approach, the 'Ausgleichstreben', is being presented. This approach helps leaders to increase their selfawareness and shift their focus to the 'Third', thus helping them to become better leaders. To check if there is a difference between leaders from different socio economic backgrounds, the leaders will be divided into two groups, i.e. leaders from a socio economic high group (SEC High) and leaders from a socio economic low group (SEC high). To become a meta-reflexive leader, each of the mentioned leaders have to overcome different types of difficulties. Due to their background circumstances, SEC Low leaders seem to have a slight advantage to become a meta-reflexive leader, compared to their Sec High colleagues. Nevertheless, to become a good leader, all have to show the willingness to increase their self-awareness. To find a proper solution for the leadership dilemma, two independent interview series took place, one with experts and one with leaders themselves.