The in 2005 reactivated regional train 'Vinschgaubahn' runs between the cities Meran/Merano and Mals/Malles in Southern-Tyrol and was first closed in 1991. With a new concept, refurbished train stations and a new level of comfort, they fast gain more than two million passengers a year, which beforehand nobody expects. At first this master-thesis describes the circumstances, why the Vinschgaubahn get closed in first time and what happened between closing and the time of reactivation. Then it investigates the new concept, the efforts to make the new railway attractive to the people, how it influences the southern-tyrol public transport system and what happened between 2005 and now. The last passage deals about future projects to extend the railway to Switzerland, Northern-Tyrol or to southern Italian regions.