The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze and evaluate in-pipe inspection robots and to develop and offer an Open Innovation standardization tool to transform enormous researches of autonomous solutions of petroleum industry to a common platform. Framework of this dissertation allow to inspect and investigate main robot-based technological innovations of petroleum industry, more focused on in-pipe inspection robot-s locomotion and developments, highlight the variables and evaluate constraints to create the assessment criteria, however is enough to create guidelines of effective, cost efficient and favorable evaluation and assessment tool to follow solutions which fulfills autonomous system needs in in-pipe inspection of petroleum exploration and production industry. Since innovations in petroleum industry are closed and cost oriented, there is a need for a tool that can guide the innovator from beginning of problem definition to autonomous system development as a solution in an effective and efficient way. On the other hand, petroleum industry is a highly sensitive area for safety and security of technological development and conservative in terms of company or research secrets, which creates a need for accurate transmission of definitions to the intended platforms, to evaluate in a right way and transfer the evaluation to a relevant model, which can be used for Open Innovation application in robot-based solutions of petroleum industry. This work introduces the petroleum robotics, focuses on improvements in in-pipe inspection robot developments and as a first phase of the main part evaluates existing locomotion technologies of chosen robots and evaluating them in variables point of view. From this starting point, own - parameters those are not well considered and explained in the literature will be defined deeper and added to criterion formation. Second phase is evaluation of whole development in 5-points system to give a better view of where the developments stand today. Later on, projects and methods will be presented and evaluated in 5-points evaluation method developed by this work. Furthermore, the evaluation of existing projects due to the requirements of all different stakeholders of the industry will be presented and evaluated, as well as the gaps in the field and further opportunities will be discussed, and the suggestions such as unification of the parameters in formation of Open Innovation approach in the industry and a new type of robot concept out of the evaluation, the ball-wheeled robot will be proposed for sustainable and robust inspections.