Bioenergy is generated through biofuels. These new ways to generate energy are essential for low carbon alternatives in the future on a global scale. Biogas has enough potential to supply electricity and other forms of energy to the world and are supporting pro-poor populations in developing countries like Latin America. Bioenergy has considerably greenhouse mitigation in long term. Nowadays there are several companies and organizations focused to generate Biogas based on cropping systems and besides animal waste and conversion systems together more than 80% emission reductions compared to conventional energy baseline. In this context, biofuels has a complexity into social aspects and environmental interactions, also has strong correlation with climate change and land use. In Latin countries the impact could be even bigger due to polarization in politics and lack of basic services as electricity and gas for cooking. Hence, tackling this issue would trigger in health, poverty and biodiversity aspects. As a consequence, many conflicts might be solved, reduced or at least mitigated, fostering collaboration among governmental institutions, private sector and communities. Learning factors how to use resources and being proactive with less do more, additional agricultural aspects would be point it out here. Good governance of land use could lead rural development and contribute as major fact to poverty reduction and creating smart communities, fostering employment generation and making them sustainable. Within bioenergy definition, there is room for generation of biogas based on human waste a low-use methodology in Latin countries and for delimitation of this document specifically in Colombia. Several applications of fecal waste could bring new ideas on the table in a developing country such as Colombia. The social, economic, environmental and sustainable aspects are key to following suit from develop countries like Germany for generation and commercialization of biogas from human waste.