More than 14 million people live and work in the european alps. Therefore the alps are an important economic and cultural part of middle Europe and they play a major role in the lives of the people living there. The alps affect every part of their social, cultural and economic behavior. The alps have always changed, either for geological reasons or due to climatic influences. But also, on the other side, the people living in the alps changed and formed them. They developed the culture and the landscape that is visible today. So it is fair to say, that the Alps are in constant transformation and change. It is possible to watch this metamorphosis in different shapes and intensities and it can be assumed, that the process of changing is happening faster and faster. The people living and working in the alps not only have to deal with this change, they also have to adapt their traditional ways and forms of living. One of the bigger problems in rural peripheral regions like the alps is the decreasing of the population with all the follow up effects. For example, the young, better educated, people leave their homeregions more and more often, to work in urban regions. This is of course because cities offer higher chances in for high quality employment but also because of the better and brighter possibilites in a lot of other everyday life aspects. This thesis will give you an overview of these and other problems of rural peripheral regions in the alps and it will discuss these problems by reference to the region of the higher western Murtal. At the end, I would like to give some approaches for dealing with these particular problems.