Major flood events in recent years and especially the two major events of 2002 and 2005 caused transnational damage. This led to a rethink of flood hazards. Therefore, the “Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks” was established, wherein the flood risk management plan is presented as main issue. It is a highly topical instrument, which has been published in Austria in the final version in spring 2016. For the first time, the flood risk management plan is trying to combine various instruments from different disciplines, such as surface water management, nature protection, civil protection, awareness raising, but also spatial planning, in a single instrument. Additionally, it also considers flood adapted land use, which is of high relevance for spatial planning. The aim of this work is to examine the implementation of the flood risk management plans in Austria. Therefore, the impact and importance from the perspective of spatial planning is analysed. In the following, recommendations for action are worked out. In order to ensure the understanding of this complex subject, the most important aspects of the common terminology of natural hazard management are defined and existing and relevant instruments for spatial planning are discussed. Subsequently, the working steps of the development of the flood risk management plan are discussed, which simultaneously represent its basic component. Finally, the most important measures of the national flood risk management plan from the perspective of spatial planning are analysed in detail. The findings result in the final conclusions and recommendations for action.