New ways of optimizing large software engineering processes are investigated in this thesis, based on the findings out of the two international standardized frameworks CMMI and SPICE. The goal was to find new approaches, inspired by those two standards. Two approaches - the modular approach and the workflow-step classification - were introduced and analyzed in this thesis. The first approach - the modular approach - is based on the idea to keep the workflows inside the processes as dynamic as possible by creating modules which can be used in various ways to fulfill the unique need for the implementation of a certain requirement. The second approach - the workflow-step classification - describes a new way of how to classify and measure workflows inside processes. This approach was created as a measurement strategy for the modular approach, but can also be used in conservative set ups. In the following chapters these two approaches are introduced in detail, leading to an experimental use in an example environment.