Caring for the elderly has historically been an activity taking place outside of Vienna`s city walls - hospitals providing basic care for sick and elderly people were run by the church and placed away from the centre to prevent the spread of diseases. Only during wartime were they moved inside the city walls. In the 19th and 20th century more sophisticated structures and financing methods were developed, leading to massive, hospital-like structures such as the Lainzer Versorgungsheim. In recent decades, efforts were made to diversify both methods and locations of care facilities, with the goal of incorporating the residents into the everyday life of their immediate surroundings and ideally not forcing them to leave the district they lived in. The proposed design for a care-home is situated in Vienna`s 3rd district, on the boarder of the historic inner city and the busy -Gürtel` street and highway access. Challenges were the high traffic noise coming from the adjacent street as well as the diverse surrounding buildings, ranging from historic block perimeter buildings to the just completed residantial point block buildings behind the site. The response to these challenges as well as the urbanistic situation is a linear building, which acts as a noise barrier for the housing area behind it, and is then cut in half to create direct access; one part will be used as a residential building, the other as a care home, which is oriented around a central courtyard. The ground floor, with its own materials and shape, acts as a platform for the 4 residential floors above it; through its access to a public function room and to the courtyard it connects the home to the public. Each floor has 4 groups of rooms, each having its own eating and residential area; additionally, the first and fifth floor offer terraces and extra care rooms for patients with special needs.