Near-surface compaction plays an important role in the construction of various civil engineering structures, such as dams and embankments for roads and railways. Dynamic roller compaction has become the common method for near-surface compaction, since it is much more efficient than static rollers. There are various types for the excitation of a dynamic drum, which not only differ in their construction but also in their mode of operation and their way of loading the soil. The most popular dynamically excited drum is the vibratory drum, followed by the oscillatory drum. While the vibratory drum is capable of compacting in larger depths, the oscillatory drum reduces subsoil vibrations significantly and is therefore used in sensitive areas, such as inner city construction sites. The eccentric masses of a vibrating drum are shafted concentrically to the drum axis, resulting in a significantly higher vertical loading but also in increased subsoil vibrations. Two opposite, rotating eccentric masses whose shafts are mounted eccentrically to the drum axis generate the torsional motion of the oscillatory drum. The drum motion in horizontal direction excites the soil dynamically; additionally, the dead weight of the drum and roller load the underground in vertical direction. Mainly tangential forces are transmitted into the soil by shear waves; the soil volume decreases, while the soil stiffness increases. Almost every roller manufacturer offers various types of vibrating rollers. In addition, numerous research projects on the compaction with vibrating rollers have been carried out in the past, resulting in an optimization of vibrating rollers and further developments such as feedback controlled rollers and systems for a Continuous Compaction Control (CCC). Assuming constant parameters of the compaction process, a CCC system allows a reliable assessment of the state of compaction of the soil, based on an analysis of the motion of the dynamically excited drum. The point of departure of this doctoral thesis is a research project on the improved application of oscillating rollers in earth works. Up to now, no working CCC system exists for oscillating rollers. Moreover, the improper use of oscillating rollers - by continuing the compaction work despite reaching the state of maximum compaction - leads to an increased wear of the oscillating drum. In the presented doctoral thesis, the motion of the oscillating drum, depending on the soil conditions and various states of compaction, is analysed experimentally. Additionally, the impact of an oscillating roller on the compacted soil is investigated. Based on the findings of the experimental investigations, a mechanical model for a semi- analytic modelling of the dynamic drum-soil interaction is developed to identify a relation between the soil stiffness and the motion behaviour of the drum. A suitable description of the motion behaviour is used as a basis for the definition of a CCC value for oscillating rollers. Moreover, an algorithm for the calculation of this new CCC value, based on the measurement of accelerations in the bearing of the drum, is presented. For a possible quantification of the wear of the drum during the compaction process, a second characteristic value is defined for the assessment of the contact conditions and the occurring slip between the drum and the surface of the compacted soil. The developed relations are verified, and in a second series of experimental investigations the CCC value as well as the slip value is tested on real measurement data. The results of the novel CCC value for oscillating rollers are compared with various established CCC systems for vibrating rollers and to the dynamic deformation moduli of tests with the dynamic load plate using the Light Falling-Weight Device. A numerical model is established for the assessment of the validity of the slip value concerning the actual wear of the drum during the compaction process. The numerical model allows the analysis of the distribution of stresses and relative velocities of displacements in the contact area between drum and soil for the calculation of a wear energy, which is used as a reference value for the assessment of the wear of the drum during the compaction process. The results of the experimental, theoretical, and numerical investigations are compared with each other in order to evaluate the significance and accuracy of the developed CCC system for oscillating rollers and the slip value. Finally, first results of a practical application of the developed CCC system for oscillating rollers are presented, using two single-drum rollers and a tandem roller.